Elucidating the microRNA-203 specific biological processes in glioblastoma cells from comprehensive RNA-sequencing transcriptome profiling

Bhavesh K. Ahir, Seeta S. Lakka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant intracranial adult brain tumor. Allelic deletion on chromosome 14q plays an essential role in GBM pathogenesis, and this chromosome 14q site was thought to harbor multiple tumor suppressor genes associated with GBM, a region that also encodes microRNA-203 (miR-203). This study was conducted to identify whole transcriptome profile changes associated with miR-203 expression by high-throughput RNA sequencing. Enrichment analyses for gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed that miR-203 expression had a strong, negative effect on a number of fundamental and interconnected biological processes involved in cell growth and proliferation. The biological processes mostly influenced were p53 signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, DNA replication, cell cycle, MAPK signaling pathway, and apoptosis. In total, 847 upregulated and 345 downregulated differentially expressed genes were identified in control versus miR-203 expressing glioma cells. After GO enrichment, the downregulated differentially expressed genes such as BCL2, SPARC were found to be mainly enriched in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis processes, whereas the upregulated differentially expressed genes such as CCND1, E2F1 were involved in the DNA replication and cell cycle regulation. We also performed miR-203 target analysis and found BCL2, AKT, SPARC, ROBO1, c-JUN, PDGFA, and CREB were predicted target of miR-203 and miR-203 expression suppressed the protein and mRNA levels of these target genes by western blotting and qRT-PCR analysis. Moreover, co-transfection experiments using a luciferase-based reporter assay demonstrated that miR-203 directly regulated BCL-2 expression and BCL-2 overexpression suppressed miR-203 mediated glioma cell apoptosis. These results indicate that overexpression of miR-203 coordinately regulates several oncogenic pathways in GBM.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages22-38
Number of pages17
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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RNA Sequence Analysis
Biological Phenomena
Gene Expression Profiling
Glioblastoma
MicroRNAs
Cell Cycle
Gene Ontology
Genes
Apoptosis
DNA Replication
Glioma
Down-Regulation
Encyclopedias
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Chromosome Deletion
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Luciferases
Transcriptome
Brain Neoplasms
Transfection

Keywords

  • BCL2 signaling
  • Glioblastoma (GBM)
  • High-throughput RNA-sequencing
  • microRNA-203 (miR-203)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Elucidating the microRNA-203 specific biological processes in glioblastoma cells from comprehensive RNA-sequencing transcriptome profiling",
abstract = "Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant intracranial adult brain tumor. Allelic deletion on chromosome 14q plays an essential role in GBM pathogenesis, and this chromosome 14q site was thought to harbor multiple tumor suppressor genes associated with GBM, a region that also encodes microRNA-203 (miR-203). This study was conducted to identify whole transcriptome profile changes associated with miR-203 expression by high-throughput RNA sequencing. Enrichment analyses for gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed that miR-203 expression had a strong, negative effect on a number of fundamental and interconnected biological processes involved in cell growth and proliferation. The biological processes mostly influenced were p53 signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, DNA replication, cell cycle, MAPK signaling pathway, and apoptosis. In total, 847 upregulated and 345 downregulated differentially expressed genes were identified in control versus miR-203 expressing glioma cells. After GO enrichment, the downregulated differentially expressed genes such as BCL2, SPARC were found to be mainly enriched in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis processes, whereas the upregulated differentially expressed genes such as CCND1, E2F1 were involved in the DNA replication and cell cycle regulation. We also performed miR-203 target analysis and found BCL2, AKT, SPARC, ROBO1, c-JUN, PDGFA, and CREB were predicted target of miR-203 and miR-203 expression suppressed the protein and mRNA levels of these target genes by western blotting and qRT-PCR analysis. Moreover, co-transfection experiments using a luciferase-based reporter assay demonstrated that miR-203 directly regulated BCL-2 expression and BCL-2 overexpression suppressed miR-203 mediated glioma cell apoptosis. These results indicate that overexpression of miR-203 coordinately regulates several oncogenic pathways in GBM.",
keywords = "BCL2 signaling, Glioblastoma (GBM), High-throughput RNA-sequencing, microRNA-203 (miR-203)",
author = "Ahir, {Bhavesh K.} and Lakka, {Seeta S.}",
year = "2019",
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AB - Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant intracranial adult brain tumor. Allelic deletion on chromosome 14q plays an essential role in GBM pathogenesis, and this chromosome 14q site was thought to harbor multiple tumor suppressor genes associated with GBM, a region that also encodes microRNA-203 (miR-203). This study was conducted to identify whole transcriptome profile changes associated with miR-203 expression by high-throughput RNA sequencing. Enrichment analyses for gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed that miR-203 expression had a strong, negative effect on a number of fundamental and interconnected biological processes involved in cell growth and proliferation. The biological processes mostly influenced were p53 signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, DNA replication, cell cycle, MAPK signaling pathway, and apoptosis. In total, 847 upregulated and 345 downregulated differentially expressed genes were identified in control versus miR-203 expressing glioma cells. After GO enrichment, the downregulated differentially expressed genes such as BCL2, SPARC were found to be mainly enriched in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis processes, whereas the upregulated differentially expressed genes such as CCND1, E2F1 were involved in the DNA replication and cell cycle regulation. We also performed miR-203 target analysis and found BCL2, AKT, SPARC, ROBO1, c-JUN, PDGFA, and CREB were predicted target of miR-203 and miR-203 expression suppressed the protein and mRNA levels of these target genes by western blotting and qRT-PCR analysis. Moreover, co-transfection experiments using a luciferase-based reporter assay demonstrated that miR-203 directly regulated BCL-2 expression and BCL-2 overexpression suppressed miR-203 mediated glioma cell apoptosis. These results indicate that overexpression of miR-203 coordinately regulates several oncogenic pathways in GBM.

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