Participation in the home environment among children and youth with and without disabilities

Mary Law, Dana Anaby, Rachel Teplicky, Mary Alunkal Khetani, Wendy Coster, Gary Bedell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 27 Citations

Abstract

Introduction: This study examines participation patterns and environmental supports and barriers for children with and without disabilities within their home setting. Method: The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) is a newly developed, reliable parent /caregiver-report tool, which combines assessment of children's participation and the environment. The PEM-CY was completed online by 576 parents of children or youth (5 to 17 years old) with and without disabilities from Canada and the United States. ANOVA analyses were performed to examine group differences in PEM-CY summary scores. Item-level differences are presented descriptively using radar plots. Results: After controlling for age and income, significant differences between children with and without disabilities were observed for all home-based PEM-CY participation and environment summary scores. Differences between the two groups were also evident at the item level, particularly when comparing the percentage of children and youth who never participate in specific home-based activities and when comparing perceived barriers to participation. Conclusion: Although all children and youth participate frequently in home-based activities, those with disabilities tend to participate in less complex and quieter/ sedentary activities. This, in addition to parental report of environmental barriers to participation, highlights the potential importance of home-based occupational therapy intervention to optimise participation in this setting.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages58-66
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Fingerprint

Disabled Children
Radar
Occupational Therapy
Caregivers
Canada
Analysis of Variance
Parents

Keywords

  • Childhood disability
  • Comparison
  • Home environment
  • Measurement
  • Participation
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy

Cite this

Participation in the home environment among children and youth with and without disabilities. / Law, Mary; Anaby, Dana; Teplicky, Rachel; Khetani, Mary Alunkal; Coster, Wendy; Bedell, Gary.

In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Vol. 76, No. 2, 02.2013, p. 58-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Law, Mary ; Anaby, Dana ; Teplicky, Rachel ; Khetani, Mary Alunkal ; Coster, Wendy ; Bedell, Gary. / Participation in the home environment among children and youth with and without disabilities. In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2013 ; Vol. 76, No. 2. pp. 58-66
@article{285537c62f0f4ad4b462820910b99c18,
title = "Participation in the home environment among children and youth with and without disabilities",
abstract = "Introduction: This study examines participation patterns and environmental supports and barriers for children with and without disabilities within their home setting. Method: The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) is a newly developed, reliable parent /caregiver-report tool, which combines assessment of children's participation and the environment. The PEM-CY was completed online by 576 parents of children or youth (5 to 17 years old) with and without disabilities from Canada and the United States. ANOVA analyses were performed to examine group differences in PEM-CY summary scores. Item-level differences are presented descriptively using radar plots. Results: After controlling for age and income, significant differences between children with and without disabilities were observed for all home-based PEM-CY participation and environment summary scores. Differences between the two groups were also evident at the item level, particularly when comparing the percentage of children and youth who never participate in specific home-based activities and when comparing perceived barriers to participation. Conclusion: Although all children and youth participate frequently in home-based activities, those with disabilities tend to participate in less complex and quieter/ sedentary activities. This, in addition to parental report of environmental barriers to participation, highlights the potential importance of home-based occupational therapy intervention to optimise participation in this setting.",
keywords = "Childhood disability, Comparison, Home environment, Measurement, Participation, Youth",
author = "Mary Law and Dana Anaby and Rachel Teplicky and Khetani, {Mary Alunkal} and Wendy Coster and Gary Bedell",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
doi = "10.4276/030802213X13603244419112",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "76",
pages = "58--66",
journal = "British Journal of Occupational Therapy",
issn = "0308-0226",
publisher = "British Journal of Occupational Therapy",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Participation in the home environment among children and youth with and without disabilities

AU - Law,Mary

AU - Anaby,Dana

AU - Teplicky,Rachel

AU - Khetani,Mary Alunkal

AU - Coster,Wendy

AU - Bedell,Gary

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - Introduction: This study examines participation patterns and environmental supports and barriers for children with and without disabilities within their home setting. Method: The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) is a newly developed, reliable parent /caregiver-report tool, which combines assessment of children's participation and the environment. The PEM-CY was completed online by 576 parents of children or youth (5 to 17 years old) with and without disabilities from Canada and the United States. ANOVA analyses were performed to examine group differences in PEM-CY summary scores. Item-level differences are presented descriptively using radar plots. Results: After controlling for age and income, significant differences between children with and without disabilities were observed for all home-based PEM-CY participation and environment summary scores. Differences between the two groups were also evident at the item level, particularly when comparing the percentage of children and youth who never participate in specific home-based activities and when comparing perceived barriers to participation. Conclusion: Although all children and youth participate frequently in home-based activities, those with disabilities tend to participate in less complex and quieter/ sedentary activities. This, in addition to parental report of environmental barriers to participation, highlights the potential importance of home-based occupational therapy intervention to optimise participation in this setting.

AB - Introduction: This study examines participation patterns and environmental supports and barriers for children with and without disabilities within their home setting. Method: The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) is a newly developed, reliable parent /caregiver-report tool, which combines assessment of children's participation and the environment. The PEM-CY was completed online by 576 parents of children or youth (5 to 17 years old) with and without disabilities from Canada and the United States. ANOVA analyses were performed to examine group differences in PEM-CY summary scores. Item-level differences are presented descriptively using radar plots. Results: After controlling for age and income, significant differences between children with and without disabilities were observed for all home-based PEM-CY participation and environment summary scores. Differences between the two groups were also evident at the item level, particularly when comparing the percentage of children and youth who never participate in specific home-based activities and when comparing perceived barriers to participation. Conclusion: Although all children and youth participate frequently in home-based activities, those with disabilities tend to participate in less complex and quieter/ sedentary activities. This, in addition to parental report of environmental barriers to participation, highlights the potential importance of home-based occupational therapy intervention to optimise participation in this setting.

KW - Childhood disability

KW - Comparison

KW - Home environment

KW - Measurement

KW - Participation

KW - Youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84875481596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84875481596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4276/030802213X13603244419112

DO - 10.4276/030802213X13603244419112

M3 - Article

VL - 76

SP - 58

EP - 66

JO - British Journal of Occupational Therapy

T2 - British Journal of Occupational Therapy

JF - British Journal of Occupational Therapy

SN - 0308-0226

IS - 2

ER -